International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children Australia Ltd


The Growing Global Threat of Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM)

December 13, 2021
Child's face

Our reliance on the internet to facilitate our personal and professional lives has increased substantially during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the same technology that provides us with opportunities for growth and connection can also present significant risks to children.

There is a hidden war being waged against the exploitation and abuse of children and the internet is the battleground.

Child sexual abuse material, or CSAM, is a growing global threat. CSAM is defined as “any representation, by whatever means, of a child engaged in real or simulated explicit sexual activities or any representation of the sexual parts of a child for primarily sexual purposes”¹. The production and spread of this harmful material has increased exponentially over the past decade. According to the U.S.’s National Center for Missing and Exploited Children there were 100,000 reports of online CSAM in 2008. By 2014 that number had grown to more than 1 million, and in 2020, there were more than 21 million reports, including over 65 million images, videos, and other files of potential abuse and exploitation².

Source: The New York Times

Each one of those 65 million images potentially represents a child’s abuse, a child’s trauma. Moreover, every time these images or videos are viewed or shared, the child depicted is revictimized — forced to live with the fact that their abuse is out there for others to see. And they can rarely do anything about it.

The epidemic of child sexual abuse material transcends borders, geography, and politics. It hurts children and families of all backgrounds, races, ethnicities, economic and social classes. No country or community is immune — from Guatemala (121,725 reports in 2020) to Iraq (919,966) to India (2,725,518) — children everywhere face the awful threat of online exploitation and abuse.

Child sexual exploitation and abuse is a global problem that demands a global solution. That is one of the many reasons why the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children (ICMEC) has partnered with the Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) to launch a joint Portal to Report Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM), which aims to provide every person around the world with access to a safe, anonymous way to report CSAM. This portal enables people like you to join the battle against online CSAM by reporting this illegal and harmful content. Reports submitted to will be analyzed by IWF’s team of professionals who work to remove the content from the internet, sometimes in as little as a few hours. It is vital that this material is reported and removed to protect child victims from revictimization and to make the internet a safer place for everyone.

Currently, 79 countries do not have access to a CSAM reporting portal or hotline. ICMEC’s collaboration with IWF offers an immediate solution to provide anyone, anywhere with access to a safe, anonymous place to report CSAM.

Through this joint reporting portal and our collective efforts to address CSAM, we are creating a safer internet and safer world for every child. We all have a responsibility to protect children from exploitation and abuse. When we unite as a global community of child defenders, we can make a difference — you can make a difference.

Access the portal to report instances of child sexual abuse material online here:

  1. Child Sexual Abuse Material: Model Legislation and Review. 9th Edition, 2018.
  2. NCMEC CyberTipline.

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